States with Peer Support Shield Laws


Now that California has passed legislation making fire and law enforcement peer support “privileged” conversation (participants can’t be compelled to testify about them, with exceptions), there are at least 23 states that have such laws on the books.

In 2017, the Utah Office of Legislative Research and General Counsel assembled a summary of the laws that were in place, showing 22 states, what’s covered and the exceptions. Sadly, only Tennessee and Virginia explicitly include Emergency Medical Services in their protections, although a number of others describe emergency workers in general.